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Technology evolves everyday and this is evident in smarter mobile phones, constant software updates and innovative apps. It’s sometimes difficult to keep up with the edge cutting advances in networks, software and hardware. There’s an arising need for technical help and management from experts in the field of information technology to provide the necessary and updated insight for the use of technology for private and public interests. This page gives a comprehensive analysis of degrees in information technology programs and how graduates of the programs can find their footing in a job market that’s constantly evolving as innovative technology itself.

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Information Technology Summary

A degree in information technology is not limited to hardware and software operations, it includes the use of technology to meet needs and solve specific problems. Professionals in this field can use their wealth of knowledge in technology to provide tech solutions across the globe. The ever growing IT industry is one to look forward to with the variety of job opportunities it abounds in for IT graduates.

Information Technology Degrees in Levels

College programs are designed to allow students to find their footing and carve a niche for themselves in the IT field. An associate or a bachelor’s degree in IT can assist students decide their choice of career in information technology. The knowledge obtained will serve as a basis for graduates interested in other graduate programs or IT certifications.


Type of Institutions

Technical Schools, 2-year Colleges.

Time to Finish

1-2 years

Career Choices

Technology Support Specialist
Systems Administrator
Security Engineer
Network Specialist
Applications Engineer


They don’t require a background in IT to apply for an associate degree track, but it may be needed apply for an bachelor’s degree. The courses offered in this program fulfill the course requirements for graduates interested in going further in their education.

What Can A Student Learn

At the end of the program, students will have had their skills developed and tested in thinking and technical skills, web designing, computer software and hardware configuration, data management, network management and cyber security. There are also specialized elective courses open to students for in-depth knowledge in certain fields. Students may be required to buy certain hardware/software as learning aids to complete their coursework.

Some of the typical available classes and the skills taught include:

  • Introduction to Software Development

    This is a course that introduces students to the basics of software and computer programs. It also teaches comprehensively the art of troubleshooting engineering applications.

  • Website Design

    Website design analyses client-to-server communications, internet concepts and network protocols. Students are taught the fundamentals of HTML, JavaScript, CSS, and DOM in designing interactive websites.

  • Introduction to Programming

    This course is an exploratory guide on the use of programming. Students will learn the basics of programming language and skills necessary to translate to computer work.

  • Human Relations in Administration

    This will teach the basics of communicating outside of IT.


Type of Institutions

Technical Colleges, Community Colleges and Universities

Time to Finish

3-4 years

Career Choices

Software Developer
Systems Analyst
Network Security Engineer
Computer Programmer


Students do not require a background in IT to apply for associate degree programs, but it may apply for an associate degree. The courses offered in this program fulfill the course requirements for graduates interested in going further with a bachelor’s degree or a graduate level degree.

Learning Outcomes

A BS in IT provides core background knowledge in the basics of IT foundations like programming, database management, systems administration, security, and also ethics. Students take practical classes in the use of programming languages and are expected to master at the very minimum, one. The course also teaches the creation and maintenance of modern databases and the evaluation of operating systems.

Classes will also teach project management to build leadership capacities in students and encourage effective team work. At the bachelor’s degree level, students will specialize in certain fields of IT such as software programming, hardware engineering or security management.

Undergrad programs usually require that students take courses outside core IT classes, especially in the sciences and humanities as part of the institution’s general prerequisite for graduation for their students. The following is a list of example classes available to students in the course of a bachelor’s degree in Information Technology.

  • Basics of Project Management

    This examines techniques involved in project management such as setting smart goals, budgeting and resources management.

  • Basics of Networking

    Students are taught the basics of communication and networking tech.

  • Structured Query Language for Data Management

    Students study query language in data management; acquiring, storing, retrieving and manipulating data.

  • Introduction to Security

    Basics of computer security. The topics include cryptography, systems control, disaster recovery programming, communication and network security.


Type of Institutions

Technical Colleges, Universities

Time to Finish

2-4 years years (This excludes time in the bachelor’s degree program)

Career Choices

Chief Information Officer
Information Consultant
VP of IT


These programs teach business management as well as project management positions, leadership and communication techniques, the design and analysis of integrated systems, conducting original research to add to the existing body of knowledge in IT and the best IT strategies to recommend.

Master’s Degrees

Intending students for the master’s degree program should have completed a bachelor’s degree program with experience with high level math and statistics as well as advanced computer skills. Students have the option of specializing in different IT-related fields.

Doctorate Degrees

Applicants for the PhD programs are expected to have completed an undergrad program. Students attending a PhD program must be able to complete dissertation. In few doctorate programs, students will be required to teach undergraduate classes or acquire practical experience via internships.

  • Multimedia Information Systems

    Students learn about what is involved in multimedia content creation, presentations and content oriented search, storing and retrieving multimedia data.

  • Electronic Commerce

    This course teaches the theories of digital commerce, research concerns and problems of implementation.

  • Network Administration

    Students are taught the art of evaluating universal information technology in certain areas to make references/recommendation. Network administration includes configuration, back-up and system security network. Network issues are also examined such as network or server issues with UNIX in addition to interoperability, conjunction, and routing.

  • Business Intelligence Systems and Methods

    This course explores the use of information technology in boosting the abilities and values of businesses. Students determine the required course of action to increase competitive advantages, market values and improve customer service.



The IT Program of your choice should be accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET). This will make sure standards are met.

list_tickmarkFlexible course scheduling

This is important for students who need to advance their careers, or combine schooling with part-time IT jobs, internships or contract jobs in carving a niche for themselves. A campus-based regular program with flexible schedules can allow students to combine school and work..

list_tickmarkOpportunities for Practical learning

To decide on a degree program, assess the course’s application in the present day IT industry. Do the courses prepare students for certification tests, internship opportunities? Does the program allow professors to hire teaching and research assistants? Are the classes practical and realistic? Answers to these questions will determine the applicability of the program in real life and how well it can be adapted in related careers and career opportunities.

list_tickmarkCommunication & management skills

The abilities to communicate and manage people are basic qualities in the field of information technology. Relevant IT programs should have these skills integrated into their courses as IT professionals will require them for optimum performance in project planning, development and implementation; passing information across to clients and customers alike; and fixing repairs.


list_tickmarkComputer literacy

Applicants for information technology degree programs are expected to have a solid foundation of computer skills. IT students will learn specialized and technical skills based on certifications and the degree of education pursuit.

list_tickmarkCritical thinking

Quick and Critical thinking is a necessary skill in IT. It requires that professionals be able to make the best choice when faced with many options and provide quick technological solutions, based on experience or acquired knowledge, when faced with real life IT problems

list_tickmarkCommunication skills

IT professionals must be able to communicate with all kinds of people. This includes clear expressions of ideas and intents; written and verbal. They should also be able to effective work as a team and manage people and collective resources.

list_tickmarkPractical experience

Experiential knowledge based can be acquired from experience as a research or teaching assistant, internships and contract work. This knowledge provides an edge for students where applying for that job that requires skills in certain fields of IT.


Certifications IT will prove that the candidate has the skills needed in certain areas of specialization to be the qualified person to do that job.


Students can carry our research into areas of interest to keep up with the changes in the field of information technology. Employers are interested in candidates with research experience, certifications and specialized knowledge that indicates their commitment to information technology.

Computer & Information Systems Managers

Education Required: At least a Bachelor’s Degree

Computer and IT Managers work on, source, and coordinate computer-based activities in a company. They define goals and organize the required systems for achieving the goals. This includes but is not limited to website maintenance, networks systems installation and support, and supervising support. These individuals must have strong leadership abilities, a strong tech knowledge, and project management capabilities.

Computer Systems Analyst

Required Education : At least a Bachelor’s degree

These individuals link business and IT in different ways that suit the needs of companies. These are professional individuals that can fix tech well and who design solutions to meet client-specific needs.

Computer Support Tech and Specialist

Required Education: At least an Associate degree and/or industry certifications

A computer support specialists gives advice on the use of our computers. They troubleshoot regular everyday tasks. They also provide technical help in person or through electronic means. A computer support specialist that assists IT employees in an organization is called a computer network specialists.



Computer Science

Computer science as a field of study focuses on the development computer applications, data systems and research in the world of computers. Students interested in this field will focus on computer programming and engineering; software development and computer architecture.



The field of engineering is a broad one, from software engineering to electronic engineering. An Associate degrees in engineering focus on the technical while bachelor degree programs build on the basic foundation with specializations available in mathematics, computer science, programming or core engineering. A Graduate program can delve further and can focus on just one field, offering students options in diverse careers that can range.



Degrees in mathematics prepare these individuals for further degrees in related fields such as biomathematics, computer science and engineering, research, finance, e.t.c. Associate degrees can build a strong mathematical core, bachelor’s degrees in build upon this foundation while grad programs can go a step further.